Cecilienhof was the location of the Potsdam Conference between 17 July and 2 August 1945. The rooms had been largely refurnished to match the taste of the participants. Winston Churchill, later Clement Attlee, Joseph Stalin and Harry S. Truman met at the round table in the great hall. On 26 July 1945, Churchill and Truman issued the Potsdam Declaration defining the terms for Japanese surrender, while Truman had already given order to prepare the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
Potsdam Primary Source Document with follow up questions
"Jewel Voice Broadcast", was the broadcast which Japanese emperor Hirohito read the Imperial Rescript on Termination of the War announcing that the Japanese had accepted the Potsdam Declaration demanding the unconditional surrender of Japan at the end of World War II. Speech given August 15, 1945 after the Battle of Okinawa, the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Hirohito's speech marked the first time in history that an Emperor of Japan had spoken to the common people.
Abe has never read the Potsdam Declaration: Japanese Communist Party Chairman Kazuo Shii took another shot at Prime Minister Shinzo Abe and his apparent unfamiliarity with the 1945 Potsdam Declaration by pointing to his “misunderstanding of facts” a decade ago.