Following the July 26 Potsdam Declaration, where Allies outlined the terms of surrender for Japan and promised "inevitable and complete destruction" of Japan if they failed to comply, preparations were secretly under way to make use of the newly-tested Atomic Bomb. Here, the first nuclear device to be used as a weapon, codenamed "Little Boy", rests on a trailer cradle in a pit, ready for loading into the bomb bay of the "Enola Gay" in August of 1945.
Potsdam Primary Source Document with follow up questions
"Jewel Voice Broadcast", was the broadcast which Japanese emperor Hirohito read the Imperial Rescript on Termination of the War announcing that the Japanese had accepted the Potsdam Declaration demanding the unconditional surrender of Japan at the end of World War II. Speech given August 15, 1945 after the Battle of Okinawa, the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Hirohito's speech marked the first time in history that an Emperor of Japan had spoken to the common people.
Cecilienhof was the location of the Potsdam Conference between 17 July and 2 August 1945. The rooms had been largely refurnished to match the taste of the participants. Winston Churchill, later Clement Attlee, Joseph Stalin and Harry S. Truman met at the round table in the great hall. On 26 July 1945, Churchill and Truman issued the Potsdam Declaration defining the terms for Japanese surrender, while Truman had already given order to prepare the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.