Body cast of victim of Pompeii eruption. The Roman city of Pompeii, located in the Bay of Naples, Italy, was ruined and buried under thick layers of ash during an eruption of the volcano Vesuvius in 79 AD. Many of those buried under the ash were killed by falling buildings or other causes, such as poisonous fumes.
Herculaneum, Pompeii sister city, also buried in the eruption. Was hermetically sealed by the ash and lava so many items such as bone and wood were preserved, which was not the case with Pompeii. However, there is a modern city above herculaneum, so only about 25% has been excavated.