Drawing of a Quagga. Quagga They may look like some sort of a hybrid cross between a zebra and a horse, but these majestic animals were actually a unique variety of plains zebra once common in Southern Africa. Targeted mostly because of their unique and beautiful hides, quaggas were wiped out by hunters by the 1870s. The last captive Quagga, a mare, died Aug. 12, 1883 in Amsterdam Zoo.
The Quagga zebra is an extinct subspecies of the Plains zebra, which was once found in great numbers in South Africas Cape Province and the southern part of the Orange Free State. The name comes from a Khoikhoi word (a historical division of the Khoisan ethnic group of southwestern Africa) for zebra and is onomatopoeic, being said to resemble the quaggas call.
Zebras are highly social. Their social structure, however, depends on the species. Mountain zebras and plains zebras live in groups, known as 'harems', consisting of one stallion with up to six mares and their foals. Bachelor males either live alone or with groups of other bachelors until they are old enough to challenge a breeding stallion. When attacked by packs of hyenas or wild dogs a zebra group will huddle together with the foals in the middle while the stallion tries to ward them off.
The quagga (Equus quagga quagga) was a species of plains' zebra which inhabited the vast plains of the Cape Province of South Africa. After struggling for its survival, the species eventually became extinct with the last one dying in the Amsterdam Zoo in 1883.