The Piltdown Man was a hoax in which bone fragments were presented as the fossilised remains of a previously unknown early human. These fragments consisted of parts of a skull and jawbone, said to have been collected in 1912 from a gravel pit at Piltdown, East Sussex, England.
Painting depicting scientists with the Piltdown Man skull. Back row (l to r): F.O. Barlow, G. Elliot, Charles Dawson, Arthur Smith Woodward. Front row (l to r): A.S. Underwood, Arthur Keith, W.P. Pycraft and Ray Lankester.
Forensic examination reveals identity of Piltdown hoax prime suspect Over 50 years after the Piltdown Man remains were exposed as fake, scientists have put amateur antiquarian and solicitor Charles Dawson in the frame