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Matchgirls participating in a strike against Bryant & May in London, 1888. The strike was caused by the poor working conditions in the match factory, including fourteen-hour work days and the severe health complications of working with white phosphorus.

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New Morbid Terminology: Phossy Jaw, The Occupational Disease of Matchstick Makers

There are a range of diseases, traumas and skeletal markers that can occur regularly with certain types of occupations.

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Match Girls Strike, 1888. Low wages, 14 hour days, and "phossy jaw" caused by exposure to the cheap phosphrous used in making the "Lucifers".

Specimens of ‘Phossy jaw’ – a decay of the jaw bone caused by exposure to phosphorus and suffered by workers in East End match factories in the nineteenth century

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HO 45/9849/B12393D; article on a case of 'phossy jaw', 1898

HO 45/9849/B12393D; article on a case of 'phossy jaw', 1898

HO 45/9849/B12393D; article on a case of 'phossy jaw', 1898

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HO 45/9849/B12393D; article on a case of 'phossy jaw', 1898