The ancestry of the Roman alphabet from Kemetic (Ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs) to Semetic (early Hebrew) to Phoenician to Greek. (J, U, and W were late additions to the Roman alphabet.) The Ancient Egyptian name for their own writing system was "Metu Neter" - meaning divine speech. "Hieroglyphs" is a Greek word - "hieros" means "sacred", "glyph" means writing.
The great naval battle of Salamis was fought between the Greeks and Persians in 480 BCE in the narrow strait between Salamis and Attica. The Phoenicians made up an important part of the Persian navy. King Xerxes I of Persia had with him three loyal kings from the Phoenicians city-states: King Eshmunazar II of Sidon, son of high priestess of Astarte; King Mattan IV of Tyre, son of Hiram; and King Maharbaal of Arvad.