Philip the Fair Philip IV of France – effigy at St. Denis King of France~As early as the 14th century, the town had commune status and a county judge. In 1307, several Templars, were arrested and imprisoned in the dungeons of the château by order of Philip IV of France.
Some of the principal actors in the Tour de Nesle Affair, depicted in 1315, the year after the scandal broke: Philip IV of France (centre) and his family: l-r: his sons, Charles and Philip, his daughter Isabella, himself, his eldest son and heir Louis, and his brother, Charles of Valois (wikipedia)
Philip IV of France - As the popularity of the Crusades had decreased, support for the military orders had waned, and Philip used a disgruntled complaint against the Knights Templar as an excuse to move against the entire organization as it existed in France, in part to free himself from his debts.
#Isabelle de France (1295 – 22 August 1358), sometimes described as the She-Wolf of France, was Queen of England as the wife of Edward II. She was the youngest surviving child and only surviving daughter of Philip IV of France and Joan I of Navarre. Queen Isabella was notable at the time for her beauty, diplomatic skills, and intelligence.
Isabella of France (1295-1358) the youngest surviving daughter of Philip IV of France & Joan I of Navarre. She was brought up in Paris and given a good education where she developed a love of books. Contemporaries would later comment on her intelligence which was unusual for the medieval period. Isabella became known as the “She-wolf of France” in the 18th century when Thomas Gray produced an anti-French poem in which she rips apart the bowels of Edward II with her “unrelenting fangs.”
Queen Jeanne/Joan of France and Navarre (1273-1305) At the age of 10, Joan married the future Philip IV of France in 1284, becoming queen of France a year later. Their three surviving sons would all rule as kings of France, in turn, and their only surviving daughter, Isabella became queen consort of Edward II of England, and was known as the "she-wolf" of France. Queen Joan founded the famous College of Navarre in Paris. Image is an illustration of the funeral of Queen Joan.