The Pharaoh Hound originated in ancient Egypt and is a dog of medium size. It was bred primarily to hunt gazelle and other small game. It is no coincidence that the Pharaoh Hound's likeness in Egyptian art so strongly resembles the Egyptian jackal god, Anubis, the Watchdog of the Dead, in fact the Pharaoh Hound is the oldest domesticated dog in written records, dating back to before 3,000 B.C.
Egyptian Pharaoh Hound The Egyptian Pharaoh Hound is a striking breed of dog that was traditionally used as a companion for hunters from the Mediterranean country of Malta. Egyptian pharaoh hounds are strong, athletic, independent and active dogs that are rarely found outside of Malta. These dogs are beautiful but costly — a puppy can easily set you back $5,000.