Protease-- also called a Peptidase or Proteinase is any enzyme that performs proteolysis, that is, begins protein catabolism by hydrolysis of the peptide bonds that link amino acids together in a polypeptide chain. Proteases have evolved multiple times, and different classes of protease can perform the same reaction by completely different catalytic mechanisms. Proteases can be found in animals, plants, bacteria, archaea and viruses.
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How amino acids (including ones in zwitterion form) form peptide bonds (peptide linkages) through a condensation reaction (dehydration synthesis).