Are You Swadeshi Enough? Ever since I came across it for the first time in my 9th standard Indian history textbook under the section, ‘The Partition of Bengal’, the word ‘swadeshi‘ continues to fascinate me till date. More than a century may have passed since it was coined; yet, I believe the word still hasn’t lost its relevance. Swadeshi means ‘of one’s own country’. It is easy to understand the relevance of this word during pre-independence days, but how is it relevant in today’s times?
India History - The decision to effect the Partition of Bengal was announced in July 1905 by the Viceroy of India, Lord Curzon. The partition took effect in October 1905 and separated the largely Muslim eastern areas from the largely Hindu western areas.
Calcutta, is regarded as the cultural capital of India. Historically, it was the capital of British India from 1773 to 1911. Therafter, it became the capital of undivided Bengal until the 1947 Partition of Bengal, after which it has remained to be the capital of West Bengal. It is a major metropolitan city, known for being the melting pot of several cultures, embracing, with graceful ease, the new without endangering the old.
The area's early history featured a succession of Indian empires, internal squabbling, and a tussle between Hinduism and Buddhism for dominance. Islam became dominant gradually since the 13th century when Sunni missionaries arrived. Later, Muslim rulers reinforced the process of conversion by building masaajid (mosques), and madrassas. The borders of modern Bangladesh were established with the partition of Bengal and India in August 1947,