An oasis in the Syrian desert, north-east of Damascus, Palmyra contains the monumental ruins of a great city that was one of the most important cultural centres of the ancient world. From the 1st to the 2nd century, the art and architecture of Palmyra, standing at the crossroads of several civilizations, married Graeco-Roman techniques with local traditions and Persian influences.

in the Syrian desert, north-east of Damascus, Palmyra contains the monumental ruins of an ancient city

Before Isis Destruction:Palmyra: a stunning ancient city under threat from Isis – in pictures

How the ancient city of Palmyra looked before the fighting – in pictures

Roman theatre This unfinished theatre dates back to the century CE, when Palmyra was once one of the most important cultural centres of the ancient world. In the century it was restored and used as a venue for the annual Palmyra festival Photograph: Alamy

Palmyra was once a part of the vast Roman Empire and one of the richest cities in the Near East. Some say the city dates back to the times of King SolomonThe transfer of goods and knowledge flowed along the Silk Road from the depths of Asia Minor to the Mediterranean ports, and the city's strength was founded on both its strategic location and the taxes demanded of all who wished to travel safely across her domains.

The Ruins of Palmyra, a World Heritage site in Syria, closed by ISIS forces today who have plans to destroy the site.

July 2006 Temple of Baal-Shamin Temple of Baal-Shamin, the Lord of the Heavens in Semitic pantheon, responsible for rain and fecundity. Temple was dated ca. AD 17 and its cella dated AD 130. It was completelly restored in 1954-6 by Swiss archeologists.

July 2006 Temple of Baal-Shamin Temple of Baal-Shamin, the Lord of the Heavens in Semitic pantheon, responsible for rain and fecundity. Temple was dated ca. AD 17 and its cella dated AD It was completelly restored in by Swiss archeologists.

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The Ancient Roman city of Palmyra, Syria. It's so depressingly sad that ISIS had to destroy this beautiful ancient city!

Ancient Losses : The Ongoing Global Devastation of The Wealth of Human Knowledge: Syria : Destroying Our Future by Forgetting Our Pa...

Ancient Losses : The Ongoing Global Devastation of The Wealth of Human Knowledge: Syria : Destroying Our Future by Forgetting Our Pa.

Up state New York, Palmyra.Main attractions: Finger Lakes, Niagara Falls, city of Palmyra  Must-see for Mormons: Smith Family Farm and the Sacred Grove; Hill Cumorah Pageant; Grandin Print Shop  Fun fact: The Palmyra New York Temple was the 100th announced temple and sits on the east end of the original 100-acre Smith Family Farm. | LatterDayBride #honeymoon #latterdaybride #lds

Up state New York, Palmyra.Main attractions: Finger Lakes, Niagara Falls, city of Palmyra Must-see for Mormons: Smith Family Farm and the Sacred Grove; Hill Cumorah Pageant; Grandin Print Shop Fun fact: The Palmyra New York Temple was the 100th announced temple and sits on the east end of the original 100-acre Smith Family Farm. | LatterDayBride #honeymoon #latterdaybride #lds

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