Very Rare image of Henry II (972-1024) King of Italy and Germany also Holy Roman Emperor during the time of the Ottonian Dynasty. From the Sacramentary of Henry II (1002 -1014). Undeniable proof of so called black presence throughout Europe.
Essen crown. The small crown is the oldest surviving crown of lilies in Europe. It is stored for almost a millennium in the Essen treasury. It was used until the 16th century at the coronation of the Golden Madonna at the Candlemas on February 2nd. The gold band with 4 lilies is decorated with filigree patterns of coupled gold wires, set with pearls and precious stones. The crown was created at the second half of the 11th century. The origin of the crown is unclear.
The Ottonian style did not produce surviving manuscripts from before about the 960s, when books known as the "Eburnant group" were made, perhaps at Lorsch, as several miniatures in the Gero Codex (now Darmstadt), the earliest and grandest of the group, copy those in the Carolingian Lorsch Gospels. This is the first stylistic group of the traditional "Reichenau school".
Expanding cosmic symbolism BITONTO Cathedral of St Valentine:: > :: Ottonian 8-fold beatitude :: > :: lunette of main portal's 7th day of rest Mosaic covenant Passover Sabbath deliverance via Jesus Nike (Victor) opening Paradise in new covenant 'rising sun' ChristosAnesti resurrection :: > :: lifting hand of 6 dead Patriarchs Jesus descended to the underworld Adam Abraham David :: > :: horizontal 5 Joyful Mysteries of Rosary on lintel ie Enter to worship with perfect human humility of Mary!
The Investiture Controversy or Investiture Contest was the most significant conflict between Church and state in medieval Europe. In the 11th and 12th centuries, a series of popes challenged the authority of European monarchies. The issue was whether the pope or the monarch would name (invest) powerful local church officials such as bishops of cities and abbots of monasteries. The conflict ended in 1122, when Emperor Henry V and Pope Calixtus II agreed on the Concordat of Worms.
Gold and enamel Anglo-Saxon roundel: gold tray inlaid with cloisonne enamel; depicting the right Hand of God in opaque white enamel. Late 10th/early 11th Century - found by an armature metal detectorist in Hampshire, England and currently housed in the British Museum.