Red Cloud (Oglala Sioux), Sitting Bull (actually Hunkpapa, not Miniconjou Sioux), Swift Bear (Arapaho), and Spotted Tail (Brule Sioux)... and Julius Meyer. Taken by Frank F. Currier, Omaha. Indian_Chiefs_1875.jpg (1512×1887)
Chief Shot-in-the-eye, 1899. "Shot-in-the-Eye was an Oglala Sioux who fought in the Battle of the Little Bighorn in 1876, where he was wounded and lost an eye. What he was called prior to this battle is unknown.” Image by Frank Albert Rinehart
Black Elk (Oglala Sioux) 1863-1950. Black Elk experienced a vision at age nine that led to his becoming a medicine man renowned for his spiritual and healing powers. He participated in the Custer battle, the Ghost Dance religion and the Wounded Knee massacre. One of the most important books ever written about Native spirituality, "Black Elk Speaks: The Life Story of a Holy Man of the Oglala Sioux" has become the "bible" for young Indians, who look to it for spiritual guidance.
Black Elk was involved in several battles with the U.S. cavalry. He participated, at about the age of 12, in the Battle of the Little Big Horn of 1876, and was injured in the Wounded Knee Masscre. He became a Medicine Man of the Oglala Sioux.