"In a hole in the ground there lived a hobbit. Not a nasty, dirty, wet hole, filled with the ends of worms and an oozy smell, nor yet a dry, bare, sandy hole with nothing in it to sit down on or to eat: it was a hobbit-hole, and that means comfort." - J.R.R. Tolkien - The Hobbit I read this first in the 2nd grade. I love Tolkein.
ca. 5,000 BCE. Neolithic stone beads from early settlements in Sahara, North Africa. Using simple hand-carved tools, stones were placed on a grooved stone and pecked out from both sides which was difficult, nonetheless, modern means cannot duplicate them. Tubular beads were even more difficult and came later in the Bronze Age in West Asia and the Indus Valley. Holes are generally not smooth nor even. SItes show many beads were broken in the process.