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A diagram shows the three separate components of a nucleotide and how they are combined to form a complete molecule. A nitrogenous base is represented as a purple hexagon. A sugar is represented as a grey pentagon. A phosphate group is represented as a light brown circle. A cut-away from the generic nitrogen base shows the chemical structure of the three types of pyrimidine bases (cytosine, thymine, and uracil) and the two types of purine bases (adenine and guanine).

How DNA Works

DNA structure consists of a pattern of four different parts, which are called nucleotides. Learn about DNA structure and see pictures of DNA structure.

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The Nitrogenous Bases of DNA and RNA

Complementary base pairs: purine-pyrimidinepairs; sugar-phosphate backbone; 2 DNA strands wound around one another to produce a double helix; stabilized in part by hydrogen bonds between nitrogenous bases on either strand; due to the geometry of the bases & amount of space available in helix, H bonds only form when A and T w/ 2 bonds or G and C w/ 3 bonds line up on opposite strands

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3 Main differences between DNA & RNA: RNA uses the sugar Ribose while DNA uses Deoxyribose. RNA is single stranded while DNA is double stranded. RNA uses the nitrogenous base Uracil whereas DNA uses the nitrogenous base Thymine.

"This Double Helix is a scientific model of B deoxyribonucleic acid, which is the most common form of DNA. DNA is a chemical carrier of our genes. It has an elegant geometric structure that allows it to store a massive amount of information. Every organism has its own DNA, and it is our DNA that makes each of us unique. Beads representing Phosphorus and Deoxyribose are 15 mm wide and multifaceted, and beads representing nitrogenous bases are oval and flat, 25 mmX20 mm."

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Cauldron Ice Cream is the home of the OG Puffle. We are a handcrafted ice creamery located in Santa Ana, CA. Making delicious nitrogen based ice cream.

Cauldron Ice Cream is the home of the OG Puffle. We are a handcrafted ice creamery located in Santa Ana, CA. Making delicious nitrogen based ice cream.

Cauldron Ice Cream is the home of the OG Puffle. We are a handcrafted ice creamery located in Santa Ana, CA. Making delicious nitrogen based ice cream.

Cauldron Ice Cream is the home of the OG Puffle. We are a handcrafted ice creamery located in Santa Ana, CA. Making delicious nitrogen based ice cream.

Cauldron Ice Cream is the home of the OG Puffle. We are a handcrafted ice creamery located in Santa Ana, CA. Making delicious nitrogen based ice cream.

Double-stranded DNA consists of two polynucleotide chains whose nitrogenous bases are connected by hydrogen bonds. Within this arrangement, each strand mirrors the other as a result of the anti-parallel orientation of the sugar-phosphate backbones, as well as the complementary nature of the A-T and C-G base pairing.

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Cauldron Ice Cream is the home of the OG Puffle. We are a handcrafted ice creamery located in Santa Ana, CA. Making delicious nitrogen based ice cream.

DNA Structure Lab: Paper Helix

The goal of this dry lab is to have student's construct a paper model of a DNA double helix. They will construct 8 nucleotides (nitrogenous base, ...

DNA (Deoxyribonucleic Acid), RNA, Protein Synthesis Powerpoint & Notes

69 Slides! And notes! Search words: DNA, deoxyribonucleic acid, RNA, ribonucleic acid, chromosomes, nucleotide, Watson and Crick, nitrogen base,...