Dorie MIller, a messman in the U.S. Navy was awarded the Navy Cross for his heroic deeds at Pearl Harbor (1st African American to be awarded the Navy Cross). ALL HE DID The Morning of Pearl Harbor Bombing was carry wounded sailors to safer locations, move his injured Captain (the Captain refused to leave his post & remained until his death), load machine guns, take control of one & began firing at Japanese planes (He HAD NO TRAINING IN OPERATING ONE). He fired until he ran out of ammunition.
Doris Miller wearing the the Navy Cross medal, having just been awarded from Admiral Chester Nimitz, onbard carrier Enterprise, Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, 27 May 1942, for heroic actions during the attack on Pearl Harbor (US National Archives)
May 27, 1942: DORIS MILLER BECOMES FIRST AFRICAN-AMERICAN TO RECEIVE NAVY CROSS - Doris "Dorie" Miller, a cook aboard the USS West Virginia, becomes the first African-American to receive the Navy Cross for displaying "extraordinary courage and disregard for his own personal safety" during Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor.
Peleliu navy cross winner Cpt George hunt 1st marine division 3rd battalion k company .after landing on white beach. And attacking a dozen bunkers .he succeeded in defending 3 counter attacks killing over 420 Japanese soldiers. He survived the wsr become a poet and author and Was editor of LIFE MAGAZINE