Kurds | the Kurdish Workers Party, the PKK, and its paramilitary wing the Peshmerga. The Kurdish counteroffensive against Sunni militants in northern Iraq is now gathering speed. Local troops from Iraqi Kurdistan, known as peshmerga, are back in control of large chunks of territory — including the strategically important Mosul Dam — lost to the Islamic State (formerly known as ISIS) earlier this month. Semi-autonomous Iraqi Kurdistan had another equally important ally,
If the dam is destroyed Bagdad would flood. - The dam lies on the Tigris River, which runs through Iraq’s capital, Baghdad. It provides electricity to the million residents of Mosul and is the fourth-largest dam in the Middle East.