Many Victorian mothers, while intending to provide the best food and feeding methods for their infants, tragically caused the deaths of their own little ones. Although doctors condemned the bottles and infant mortality rates of the time were shocking – only two out of ten infants lived to their second birthday – parents continued to buy and use them. The bottles eventually earned the nickname, “Murder Bottles.”
Two Memento Mori gold rings from the 17th century - Mortality rates were high in the 16th and 17th century due to war, plague and famine and Memento Mori rings such as these examples were intended to remind the wearer of their mortal state. - Presented by Dr C.D.E. Fortnum in honour of Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee, 1897;WA1899.CDEF.F476 and WA1899.CDEF.F520 http://www.ashmolean.org/ash/objects/?mu=153
Victorian death photosserved less as a reminder of mortality than as a keepsake to remember the deceased. This was especially common with infants and young children; Victorian era childhood mortality rates were extremely high, and a post-mortem photograph might have been the only image of the child the family ever had.