Moctezuma II was the ninth ruler of the Aztec Empire. It was during his reign that the first contact occurred with the Europeans, and the empire reached it's maximum size.
La conquista de Tenochtitlan, de autor desconocido. Alonso Yáñez, calificado como «carpintero de lo blanco», se encontró con una puerta tapiada cuando estaba construyendo un altar cristiano en un palacio azteca. Al otro lado se hallaba uno de los terosos más grandes conocidos El 8 de noviembre de 1519 tuvo lugar al fin en la capital azteca el deseado encuentro entre Hernán Cortés y Moctezuma II. Al mando de 518 infantes, 16 jinetes y 13 arcabuceros, el extremeño se había internado hacia el…
Moctezuma brought Cortés to his palace where the Spaniards lived as his guests for several months. Moctezuma continued to govern his empire and even undertook conquests of new territory during the Spaniards' stay at Tenochtitlan. At some time during that period Moctezuma became a prisoner in his own house. Exactly why this happened is not clear from the extant sources but Moctezuma became a hostage used by the Spaniards to assure their security. Moctezuma II - Wikipedia
Exposición de Moctezuma II, Museo del Templo Mayor, DF / Moctezuma II, the exhibit, Great Temple Museum, Mexico City
Cuitláhuac, 10th tlatoani of the Aztec Empire, brother of Moctezuma II. After being held captive by the Aztecs, Cortés ordered Moctezuma to ask his people stop fighting. Moctezuma told him that they wouldn't listen to him, and in turn asked him to free his brother Cuitláhuac so he'd convince the people to stop. Once freed, Cuitláhuac led his people against the conquistadors and successfully drove them out of Tenochtitlán on June 30, 1520. After ruling for only 80 days, he died of smallpox.