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goddess al-uzza: Goddess of the Moon and Protection. She forms a Trinity of Goddesses with al-Lat and Manat. The temple and statue dedicated to her at Nakhla were destroyed by Khalid ibn al Walid. A stone cube was held sacred to her and was a place of pilgramage.


Shulgi commemorative tablet. Reading by column from right to left: "(For the goddess) Nimintaba/ His queen/ Shulgi/ The mighty man/ King of Ur/ King of Sumer and Akkad/ Her Temple/ He built."

Make a lamassu (lamassus?), the winged-lion-man-bull guardian creature, which is archetypical of this period of Mesopotamian history; or just make the lions.

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More Ancient Civilizations

Probably originating from the area beyond the Black Sea, the Hittites first occupied central Anatolia, making their capital at Hattusa (modern Bogazköy). Early kings of the Hittite Old Kingdom, such as Hattusilis I (reigned c. 1650-c. 1620 BC), consolidated and extended Hittite control over much of Anatolia and northern Syria. Hattusilis' grandson Mursilis I raided down the Euphrates River to Babylon, putting an end (c. 1590 BC) to the Amorite dynasty there.