Ancient Romans: Cleaning clothes during this time was never a truly essential chore. People were used to the smell, grime, and dirt. They would clean by hiring a fuller to soak and scrub there clothes in large vats of urine which acted as ammonia. Passerbys at these laundry facilities would add their pee to the large vats used.
For mattresses without protective barriers, treat spots, stains and spills with a damp cloth and warm water. It’s important to note the difference between a damp cloth and one that’s soaking-wet. Avoid steam cleaning as well.