Crossbow of Matthias Corvinus, King of Hungary (reigned 1458–1490) Date: dated 1489 Geography: possibly Vienna Culture: Central or Eastern European, possibly Vienna Medium: Wood, horn, animal sinew, staghorn, birch bark, iron alloy Dimensions: L. 29 in. (73.7 cm); W. 24 in. (60.9 cm); Wt. 5 lb. 1/2 oz. (2284 g) Classification: Archery Equipment-Crossbows
Matthias Corvinus, also called Matthias I (Hungarian: Hunyadi Mátyás, Romanian: Matei Corvin, Slovak: Matej Korvín; 23 February 1443 – 6 April 1490), was King of Hungary and Croatia from 1458. After conducting several military campaigns, he was elected King of Bohemia in 1469 and adopted the title Duke of Austria in 1487. He was the son of John Hunyadi, Regent of Hungary, who died in 1456. In 1457, Matthias was imprisoned along with his older brother, Ladislaus Hunyadi.
The coat of arms with the stripes on the left and the cross on the hills on the right appeared during the reign of Lajos I of Hungary (1342–1382). The crown above the coat of arms appeared during the reign of Ulászló I of Hungary (1440–1444). At first it was only a non-specific diadem but on the 1464 seal of Matthias Corvinus it resembled the Holy Crown of Hungary more.
Matthias Corvinus - Matthias introduced new taxes and regularly collected extraordinary taxes. These measures caused a rebellion in Transylvania in 1467, but he subdued the rebels. The next year, Matthias declared war on George of Poděbrady, the Hussite King of Bohemia, and conquered Moravia, Silesia, and Lausitz, but he could not occupy Bohemia proper. The Catholic Estates proclaimed him King of Bohemia on 3 May 1469, but the Hussite lords refused to yield to him even after the death of…
Beatrice of Naples (16 November 1457 – 23 September 1508) was the daughter of Ferdinand I of Naples and Isabella of Taranto. She was second queen consort to both Matthias Corvinus of Hungary and Vladislaus II of Bohemia and Hungary so she was Queen of Hungary and Bohemia.