nash papyrus - A 2,000-year-old fragment containing the Ten Commandments and part of the Shema prayer discovered in Egypt in the late 19th century was recently posted online by The University of Cambridge.
Tanakh is the canon of the Hebrew Bible. It is also known as the Masoretic Text or Miqra. Tanakh is an acronym of the first Hebrew letter of each of the three traditional subdivisions: Torah ("Teaching", Five Books of Moses), Nevi'im ("Prophets") and Ketuvim ("Writings"). Miqra means"that which is read", is another Hebrew word for the Tanakh. The books were passed on by each generation, and according to rabbinic tradition were accompanied by an oral tradition, called the Oral Torah.