Martha Gellhorn covered every major conflict from the Spanish Civil War through Vietnam, but her reputation as a journalist was sometimes overshadowed by her marriage to one of the great American writers, Ernest Hemingway.
Martha Ellis Gellhorn (November 8, 1908 – February 15, 1998) was an American novelist, travel writer, and journalist, considered one of the greatest war correspondents of the 20th century. She reported on virtually every major world conflict that took place during her 60-year career. Gellhorn was also the third wife of American novelist Ernest Hemingway, from 1940 to 1945. At the age of 89, ill and almost completely blind, she committed suicide. The Martha Gellhorn Prize for Journalism