Marcus Licinius Crassus (Latin: M·LICINIVS·P·F·P·N·CRASSVS) (ca. 115 BC – 53 BC) was a Roman general and politician who played a key role in the transformation of the Roman Republic into the Roman Empire. Amassing an enormous fortune during his life, Crassus is considered the wealthiest man in Roman history, and among the richest men in all history.
A Profile of Crassus, a Roman Businessman and Politician
Marcus Licinius Crassus. At the meeting, a Parthian pulled at Crassus' reins, sparking violence. Crassus and his generals were killed. After his death, the Parthians allegedly poured molten gold down his throat, in a symbolic gesture mocking Crassus' renowned greed. The remaining Romans at Carrhae attempted to flee, but most were captured or killed. Roman casualties amounted to about 20,000 killed and 10,000 captured, making the battle one of the costliest defeats in Roman history.
POMPEY (106BC-48BC) joined Marcus Licinius Crassus and Julius Caesar in the unofficial military-political alliance known as the First Triumvirate. When Caesar's power seemed to be turning autocratic, Pompey joined the conservative aristocrats in opposing him. Pompey was defeated in battle & murdered in Egypt by a contender for that nation's throne in the hope that it would curry favor with Caesar.