Kendo (剣道 kendō?), meaning "Way of The Sword", is a modern Japanese martial art of sword-fighting descended from traditional swordsmanship (kenjutsu) which originated with the samurai class of feudal Japan. Swordsmen in Japan established schools of kenjutsu (the ancestor of kendo) which continued for centuries and which form the basis of kendo practice today.
Yamaoka Tesshū (山岡 鉄舟?, June 10, 1836 – July 19, 1888) also known as Ono Tetsutarō, or Yamaoka Tetsutarō, was a famous samurai of the Bakumatsu period, who played an important role in the Meiji Restoration. He is also noted as the founder of the Itto Shoden Muto-ryu school of swordsmanship, which in time gave birth to the modern Japanese style of swordsmanship or Kendo.