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from the Guardian

'Archaeology on steroids': huge ritual arena discovered near Stonehenge

A hidden complex of archaeological monuments has been uncovered around Stonehenge using hi-tech methods of scanning below the Earth’s surface. Photograph: Ludwig Boltzmann Institute. “What we are starting to see is the largest surviving stone monument, preserved underneath a bank, that has ever been discovered in Britain and possibly in Europe,” said Vince Gaffney, an archaeologist at Bradford University who leads the Stonehenge Hidden Landscape project. “This is archaeology on steroids.”

Ludwig Eduard Boltzmann (February 20, 1844 – September 5, 1906) was an Austrian physicist whose greatest achievement was in the development of statistical mechanics, which explains and predicts how the properties of atoms (such as mass, charge, and structure) determine the visible properties of matter (such as viscosity, thermal conductivity, and diffusion).

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from BBC

Why does time always run forwards and never backwards?

Ludwig Boltzmann (Credit: INTERFOTO/Alamy)

Ludwig Boltzmann was an Austrian physicist famous for his founding contributions in the fields of statistical mechanics and statistical thermodynamics. He was one of the most important advocates for atomic theory at a time when that scientific model was still highly controversial.

It's written on Ludwig Boltzmann's tombstone, and it means that "entropy is the logarithm of multiplicity." It's a thermodynamics and statistical mechanics fact.

from the Guardian

Readers suggest the 10 best ... physicists

Ludwig Boltzmanns work was the foundation for the field of statistical mechanics. He could not convince people his work was correct, and in one of his bouts of depression killed himself

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Ludwig Boltzmann (1844-1906) founded statistical mechanics, which describes large numbers of atoms by using averages. His most important contributions were to the study of kinetic energy, including the Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution for molecular speeds in a gas. He also showed that a system's entropy is a measure of its disorder, and that the amount of disorder in the universe tends to increase. This lithograph by Rudolf Fenzl was created around 1898.

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