LOUIS SULLIVAN (American): Wainwright Building. St. Louis, 1890-91. The Wainwright building is credited for being the first successful utilization of steel frame construction. The first two floors are faced in brown sandstone, the next seven stories rise in continuous brick piers. Terra-cotta panels of ornate foliage relief decorate the each floor.
Louis Henry Sullivan (September 3, 1856 – April 14, 1924) was an American architect, & has been called the father of skyscrapers & father of modernism. He is considered by many as the creator of the modern skyscraper, was an influential architect & critic of the Chicago School, was a mentor to Frank Lloyd Wright, & an inspiration to the Chicago group of architects who have come to be known as the Prairie School.