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1975: Lebanon is plunged into civil war on April 13 after five years of confrontations, often bloody, between Lebanese and Palestinian refugees. The PLO has used refugee camps as bases for guerrilla attacks on Israel, and violence escalates as both sides begin using artillery.

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from BBC News

Lebanon profile - Timeline

Timeline Lebanon civil war Beirut buildings bearing scars of fighting in Lebanese civil war

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from The Telegraph

The world's 20 oldest cities

Beirut, Lebanon Earliest inhabitation: 3,000 BC Lebanons capital, as well as its cultural, administrative and economic centre, Beiruts history stretches back around 5,000 years. Excavations in the city have unearthed Phoenician, Hellenistic, Roman, Arab and Ottoman remains, while it is mentioned in letters to the pharaoh of Egypt as early as the 14th century BC. Since the end of the Lebanese civil war, it has become a lively, modern tourist attraction.