Philipp, Prince & Landgrave of Hesse (1896 – 1980) was head of the Electoral House of Hesse from 1940 to 1980. He was a grandson of Frederick III, German Emperor, & a great-grandson of Queen Victoria. In 1923 he moved to Rome where he used his aristocratic connections to establish himself as a successful interior designer. According to biographer Jonathan Petropoulos, Philipp was probably bisexual, & his lovers included the English poet Siegfried Sassoon.

Philipp, Prince & Landgrave of Hesse (1896 – 1980) was head of the Electoral House of Hesse from 1940 to 1980. He was a grandson of Frederick III, German Emperor, & a great-grandson of Queen Victoria. In 1923 he moved to Rome where he used his aristocratic connections to establish himself as a successful interior designer. According to biographer Jonathan Petropoulos, Philipp was probably bisexual, & his lovers included the English poet Siegfried Sassoon.

Leibniz-Arnauld Correspondence : With Selections from the Correspondence With Ernst, Landgrave of

Leibniz-Arnauld Correspondence : With Selections from the Correspondence With Ernst, Landgrave of

Charles V enthroned over his defeated enemies (from left to right): Sultan Suleiman, Pope Clement VII, Francis I, the Duke of Cleves, the Duke of Saxony and the Landgrave of Hesse.Giulio Clovio  (1498-1578) miniature by Simonzio Lupi (c.1556-c.1575) in Additional 33733, British Library

Charles V enthroned over his defeated enemies (from left to right): Sultan Suleiman, Pope Clement VII, Francis I, the Duke of Cleves, the Duke of Saxony and the Landgrave of Hesse.Giulio Clovio (1498-1578) miniature by Simonzio Lupi (c.1556-c.1575) in Additional 33733, British Library

Marquess / Marquis /Margrave / Landgrave  A marquess (UK /ˈmɑːkwɪs/;[1] French: marquis, /mɑrˈkiː/[2]) is a nobleman of hereditary rank in various European peerages. In Great Britain and Ireland the title ranks below a duke and above an earl. A woman of rank, orwife of a marquess, is a marchioness /ˌmɑːrʃəˈnɛs/[3] in Great Britain and Ireland or a marquise /mɑrˈkiːz/. In Welsh: Ardalydd / Ardalyddes .

Marquess / Marquis /Margrave / Landgrave A marquess (UK /ˈmɑːkwɪs/;[1] French: marquis, /mɑrˈkiː/[2]) is a nobleman of hereditary rank in various European peerages. In Great Britain and Ireland the title ranks below a duke and above an earl. A woman of rank, orwife of a marquess, is a marchioness /ˌmɑːrʃəˈnɛs/[3] in Great Britain and Ireland or a marquise /mɑrˈkiːz/. In Welsh: Ardalydd / Ardalyddes .

Holy Roman Emperor - Philip I Landgrave (Count) of Hesse, circa 1535

Holy Roman Emperor - Philip I Landgrave (Count) of Hesse, circa 1535

Moritz, Landgrave of Hesse - Moritz (right) with his mother and brothers

Moritz, Landgrave of Hesse - Moritz (right) with his mother and brothers

Princess Tatiana of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg on the occassion of her wedding to Prince Moritz of Hesse-Kassel, later Landgrave of Hesse, in 1964.  The marriage produced 4 children and ended in divorce after 10 years.

Princess Tatiana of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg on the occassion of her wedding to Prince Moritz of Hesse-Kassel, later Landgrave of Hesse, in 1964. The marriage produced 4 children and ended in divorce after 10 years.

Beatrice of Brabant (1225 - 11 November 1288), was a Landgravine Consort of Thüringia and a Countess Consort of Flanders, married to Henry Raspe, Landgrave of Thuringia and anti-king of Germany, and to William II, Count of Flanders. She was the daughter of daughter of Henry II, Duke of Brabant and Marie of Hohenstaufen. She had no children. Henry Raspe was anti-King of Germany between 1246 and 1247.

Beatrice of Brabant (1225 - 11 November 1288), was a Landgravine Consort of Thüringia and a Countess Consort of Flanders, married to Henry Raspe, Landgrave of Thuringia and anti-king of Germany, and to William II, Count of Flanders. She was the daughter of daughter of Henry II, Duke of Brabant and Marie of Hohenstaufen. She had no children. Henry Raspe was anti-King of Germany between 1246 and 1247.

Moritz, Landgrave of Hesse

Moritz, Landgrave of Hesse

Frederick I, Swedish: Fredrik I, (17 April 1676 – 25 March 1751) was prince consort of Sweden from 1718 to 1720, and King of Sweden from 1720 until his death and (as Frederick I) also Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel from 1730. He ascended the throne following the death of his brother-in-law, absolutist Charles XII in the Great Northern War, as his sister and heir Ulrika Eleonora preferred to abdicate from her position as queen regnant after relinquishing most powers to the Riksdag of the Estates.

Frederick I, Swedish: Fredrik I, (17 April 1676 – 25 March 1751) was prince consort of Sweden from 1718 to 1720, and King of Sweden from 1720 until his death and (as Frederick I) also Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel from 1730. He ascended the throne following the death of his brother-in-law, absolutist Charles XII in the Great Northern War, as his sister and heir Ulrika Eleonora preferred to abdicate from her position as queen regnant after relinquishing most powers to the Riksdag of the Estates.

Henry III. of Marburg (1458-1483), Landgrave of Upper Hesse Date 1458-1483  Obverse [Mone - Novo h-ASSIE]. The stamp area is made completely unusable by several strikes, the coin is hardly anything to see. Detail view of the stamping surface.

Henry III. of Marburg (1458-1483), Landgrave of Upper Hesse Date 1458-1483 Obverse [Mone - Novo h-ASSIE]. The stamp area is made completely unusable by several strikes, the coin is hardly anything to see. Detail view of the stamping surface.

Grand Medal on the occasion of the meeting of Emperor Francis I Stephen with…

Grand Medal on the occasion of the meeting of Emperor Francis I Stephen with…

Armor, made in Landshut and made in Nuremberg 1529, with modern additions c. 1805

Armor, made in Landshut and made in Nuremberg 1529, with modern additions c. 1805

Charles V, enthroned over his defeated enemies (from left): Suleiman the Magnificent, Pope Clement VII, Francis I, the Duke of Cleves, the Duke of Saxony and the Landgrave of Hesse. Painted by Giulio Clovio, mid-16th century.

A Transformation of Europe

Charles V, enthroned over his defeated enemies (from left): Suleiman the Magnificent, Pope Clement VII, Francis I, the Duke of Cleves, the Duke of Saxony and the Landgrave of Hesse. Painted by Giulio Clovio, mid-16th century.

Hesse-Kassel (or Hesse-Cassel) and Hesse-Darmstadt. the Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel was elevated to Elector of Hesse (1803),  later Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine. The Electorate of Hesse (Hesse-Kassel) was annexed by Prussia in 1866, while Grand Ducal Hesse (Hesse-Darmstadt) as lasted until the end of the German monarchies in 1918.    Donatus, Landgrave of Hesse is the current (2012) head of the house.

Hesse-Kassel (or Hesse-Cassel) and Hesse-Darmstadt. the Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel was elevated to Elector of Hesse (1803), later Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine. The Electorate of Hesse (Hesse-Kassel) was annexed by Prussia in 1866, while Grand Ducal Hesse (Hesse-Darmstadt) as lasted until the end of the German monarchies in 1918. Donatus, Landgrave of Hesse is the current (2012) head of the house.

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