This was the reality for the thousands of convicts that would make their way to Australia. As slavery was outlawed, the U.K. needed a new source of free labor and found that using criminals was a great way to obtain free labor, lower the crime rate in the motherland, and hopefully keep convicts out of trouble.
Eight Hour Day (Labour Day) March, Sydney, 1 October 1956. Photograph by Ern McQuillan. Australian Photographic Agency collection, State Library of New South Wales: http://www.acmssearch.sl.nsw.gov.au/search/itemDetailPaged.cgi?itemID=72676
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Workers demand a 44-hour working week. Labour Day march, Sydney, circa 1926. Sam Hood collection, State Library of New South Wales: http://www.acmssearch.sl.nsw.gov.au/search/itemDetailPaged.cgi?itemID=6384. Digital order no.: hood_03741