The 12 Common Archetypes - Writers can use these archetypes to create characters... though a word of warning: Don't create characters. Characters are puppets. They're lifeless, and will not better your writing. Create people; people with fears, hopes and, most importantly, flaws. I can't stress this point enough.
Using Jungian Archetypes in your writing... Jung is so valuable. But this chart, while valuable but is also limiting (just like The Hero with the 1000 faces.) Why is the hero only male? Why no wise women and nuturing fathers? It's a starting point. Breakout from the mold.