Joshua Chamberlain (September 8, 1828 - February 24, 1914), American college Professor from the State of Maine who volunteered during the Civil War to join the Union Army, reaching the rank of Brigadier General. For his gallantry at Gettysburg, he was awarded the Medal of Honor.
Joshua L. Chamberlain: At Gettysburg, Chamberlain was assigned to hold Little Round Top on the extreme left of the Union line, the 20th Maine beat off repeated attacks from the 15th Alabama. With his men running low on ammunition, Chamberlain boldly ordered a bayonet charge which routed and captured the Confederates. Chamberlain's heroic defense of the hill earned him the Congressional Medal of Honor and the regiment everlasting fame.