Coca-Cola is a carbonated soft drink. It is produced by The Coca-Cola Company of Atlanta, Georgia, and is often referred to simply as Coke. Originally intended as a patent medicine when it was invented in the late 19th century by John Pemberton, Coca-Cola was bought out by businessman Asa Griggs Candler, whose marketing tactics led Coke to its dominance of the world soft-drink market throughout the 20th century.
In 1886, when prohibition laws were passed in some locations, John Pemberton developed Coca-Cola -- a non-alcoholic version of his previous French Wine Coca. Initially, Pemberton sold Coca-Cola as a patent medicine for 5 cents per glass near soda fountains; he claimed Coca-Cola could cure diseases like headache, morphine addiction, and impotence. Starting in 1894, Coca-Cola was starting to be sold in bottles, and advertised the product on outdoor walls. This ad is from 1905
In April of 1863 Ulysses S. Grant lead the North on a campaign against John Pemberton's Confederates in Vicksburg, Mississippi. Union forcves fought their way through Vicksburg pushing the Confederates back. After 47 days Pemberton's troops surrendered on July 4, 1863. 29,620 confederates were captured or missing.