John O'gaunt - It has a long history and was once the site of a royal hunting lodge (at Rothwell Castle, off Wood Lane). One of the lodge's documented owners was John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster, who is supposed to have killed the last wild boar in England while hunting nearby, hence a boar's head formed part of the arms of the former Rothwell Urban District Council.
John of Gaunt (1340 - 1399 ). The rich and powerful Plantagenet prince. His liaison with a commoner called Katherine Swynford produced four illegitimate children who were given the name Beaufort ( He married Katherine in 1396 and their children, by this time adults, were legitimised).Their son John was the Great-Great Grandfather of King Henry VIII of England.
Blanche of Lancaster, Duchess of Lancaster (25 March 1345 – 12 September 1368) was an English noblewoman & heiress, daughter of England's wealthiest and most powerful peer, Henry of Grosmont, 1st Duke of Lancaster. She was the first wife of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster, and the mother of King Henry IV of England. It is believed that Blanche may have died aged 22 after contracting the Black Death which was rife in Europe at that time. John of Gaunt held annual commemorations of her…
John Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset was the first of the four illegitimate children of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster, and his mistress Katherine Swynford, later his wife. Despite being the grandchildren of Edward III, and next in the line of succession after their father's legitimate children, the Lancasters, the Beauforts, including John Beaufort, were initially barred from succession to the throne.
Henry 'Bolingbroke' was the son of John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster. Bolingbroke didn't make it a secret that he thought Richard II was a lousy king and unfit to rule. Richard banished him, and then stole his inheritance (and his title) when Gaunt died. Henry returned to claim his estates, saying that he just wanted back what was rightfully his. But he quite quickly changed his story -- he wanted to be king. He deposed Richard II and became Henry IV.