Herder, Johann Gottfried von was a philosopher, theologian, poet, and literary critic. An example of his work was Treatise on the Origin of Language. Born in Germany on 1744 and died there in 1803.he wrote on German literature, arguing for its independence, and his literary criticism became a heavy influence on later Romantic thinkers.
Anton Graff | Johann Gottfried Herder, 1785 | Humboldt already had a fascination for the world overseas. Johann Gottfried von Herder had indicated the contrasting interconnected natural areas of the Andes and the Amazon basin, and called for its exploration: the altitude of mountains as well as the soil properties sould be determinded, the local deviations of the magnetic needle and temperatures should be measured - all components that Humboldt included and expanded in his research.
Johann Gottfried Herder (1744-1803) Alain Finkielkraut o Herderovi: „Od Platóna po Voltaira byla lidská rozmanitost souzena před tribunálem hodnot; Herder přišel a odsoudil tribunálem rozmanitosti všechny univerzální hodnoty.“