Jeremy Bentham Feb 1748 – June 1832. He is regarded as the founder of modern utilitarianism. When he was 21 he made a will leaving his body for dissection to friend/physician George Fordyce. His skeleton and head were preserved and stored in a wooden cabinet called Auto-icon with the skeleton padded out with hay and dressed in Bentham's clothes. It was acquired by Univ College London in 1850. The real head was displayed in the case for many years but became the target of student pranks.
Jeremy Bentham (15 February 1748 – 6 June 1832) was an English author, jurist, philosopher, and legal and social reformer. He was one of the first people to argue for the decriminalization of sodomy in England
At his request, Jeremy Bentham's body was preserved after his death and put on display. The mummification of the head left it rather macabre, so a wax head was used in it's place. The real head sat on the floor between Bentham's feet for many years. http://www.cultofweird.com/medical/jeremy-bentham-auto-icon/