Shirin Neshat, Iran. Addresses social, political psychological dimensions of women's experience in contemporary Islamic societies. She resists stereotypical representations of Islam, her artistic objectives are not explicitly polemical. Her work recognizes the complex intellectual religious forces shaping the identity of Muslim women throughout the world. Using Persian poetry calligraphy she examined concepts such as martyrdom, the space of exile, the issues of identity femininity.
Malika and Khadijah Haqq are descended from the Afro-Iranian community; their parents are immigrants from Khuzestan, Iran. Afro-Iranians are Iranians of confirmed Sub-Saharan African descent. Most Afro Iranians are concentrated in Hormozagan, Sistan and Baluchestan and Khuzestan. Through the Indian Ocean slave trade, Arabs captured and sold enslaved people to the Persian Gulf, Egypt, Arabia, the Far East, the Indian Ocean islands, Ethiopia and Somalia.