The Investiture Controversy, also known as the lay investiture controversy, was the most important conflict between secular and religious powers in medieval Europe. It began as a dispute in the 11th century between the Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV and Pope Gregory VII. The question was who would control appointments of bishops (investiture).

The Investiture Controversy, also known as the lay investiture controversy, was the most important conflict between secular and religious powers in medieval Europe. It began as a dispute in the 11th century between the Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV and Pope Gregory VII. The question was who would control appointments of bishops (investiture).

What was the Investiture Controversy a Controversy About? :http://www.medievalists.net/2013/02/19/what-was-the-investiture-controversy-a-controversy-about/

This thesis will aim to demonstrate that the Investiture Controversy was primarily a clash originating from fifth century ideas which were put into practice and developed by an eleventh century papacy.

Investiture Controversy - Wikipedia

Investiture Controversy - Wikipedia

The Investiture Controversy was the most significant conflict between Church and state in medieval Europe. In the 11th and 12th centuries, a series of Popes challenged the authority of European monarchies over control of appointments, or investitures, of church officials such as bishops and abbots. The entire controversy was finally resolved by the Concordat of Worms in 1122.

A medieval king investing a bishop with the symbols of office. Otto centralized his control over Germany through the investiture of bishops and abbots, making the clergy-class his personal vassal.

Lay Investiture:controversy was the most important conflict between secular and religious powers in Medieval Europe.

Lay Investiture:controversy was the most important conflict between secular and religious powers in Medieval Europe.

Reformed Anglicans: 23 September 1122 A.D.  Investiture Controversy.  ...

Reformed Anglicans: 23 September 1122 A.

the lay investiture controversy, was the most important conflict between secular and religious powers in medieval Europe. It began as a dispute in the 11th century between the Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV and Pope Gregory VII.

the lay investiture controversy, was the most important conflict between secular and religious powers in medieval Europe. It began as a dispute in the 11th century between the Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV and Pope Gregory VII.

Matilda of Canossa (1046-1115, Italian) - With independence and conviction, Matilda, countess of Tuscany, led an unusual life for a woman of medieval days. Her military, financial, cultural, and, above all, spiritual support were instrumental in strengthening the power of the Church, especially the papacy, at a crucial time of conflict between the Church and the state known as the Investiture Controversy.

Chronologic history of female warriors, commanders and duelists (Female Single Combat Club)

The Investiture Controversy was the most significant conflict between Church and state in medieval Europe. In the 11th and 12th centuries, a series of Popes challenged the authority of European monarchies over control of appointments, or investitures, of church officials such as bishops and abbots. The investiture controversy began as a power struggle between Pope Gregory VII and Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor. The entire controversy was finally resolved by the Concordat of Worms in 1122.

Abbot Hugh of Cluny seated on a sella curulis, the Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV, and Matilda of Tuscany. Miniature in Cod. 4922 (around 1115 AD)

The Lay Investiture-also known as the lay investiture controversy, was the most important conflict between secular and religious powers in medieval Europe. It began as a dispute in the 11th century between the Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV and Pope Gregory VII. The question was who would control appointments of bishops (investiture).

The Lay Investiture-also known as the lay investiture controversy, was the most important conflict between secular and religious powers in medieval Europe. It began as a dispute in the 11th century between the Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV and Pope Gregory VII. The question was who would control appointments of bishops (investiture).

Pope Callistus II Date of birth unknown; died 13 December, 1124. His reign, beginning 1 February, 1119, is signalized by the termination of the Investiture controversy which, begun in the time of Gregory VII, had raged with almost unabated bitterness during the last quarter of the eleventh century and the opening years of the twelfth. …

December 13 – Elected Pope to Fight the Emperor - Nobility and Analogous Traditional Elites

The investiture controversy: Henry IV - Gregory VII

The investiture controversy: Henry IV - Gregory VII

Hohenwerfen Castle (German: Burg Hohenwerfen) stands high above the Austrian town of Werfen in the Salzach valley,

Hohenwerfen Castle 2 Hohenwerfen Castle stands high above the Austrian town of Werfen in the Salzach valley, approximately 40 km south of Salzburg. The castle is surrounded by the Berchtesgaden Alps and the adjacent Tennengebirge mountain range.

A 19th-century stained-glass depiction of Urban receiving St Anselm, exiled from England by William the Red amid the Investiture Controversy.

A 19th-century stained-glass depiction of Urban receiving St Anselm, exiled from England by William the Red amid the Investiture Controversy.

The Investiture Controversy - The Incident at Canossa - Medieval Catholicism; Ruins of the Castle at Canossa

A study site for Church History classes at St Anthony of Padua Catholic Church, The Woodlands, Texas

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