The Imperial State Crown (1937) is worn by the Queen at each State Opening of Parliament. One of the youngest crowns in the collection, it holds a number of much older gems. The crown was remade in 1937 after the previous frame weakened under the weight of the gemstones.
The Imperial State Crown is the most magnificent of all the Crown Regalia. It was made in 1838 for the coronation of Queen Victoria, and then altered for the coronation of George VI in 1937 and Elizabeth II in 1953. It replaced the crown of St. Edward on the head of the ruler immediately after the coronation. Although the crown is modern in design it is set with very ancient gems. ♥ #beautiful #jewelry #gems #crowns
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The Stewart Sapphire, which had been owned by the Royal House of Scotland for centuries, was also given to George III. The original owner of the sapphire was reputed to have been King Alexander II of Scotland, who had it set into his crown for his coronation in 1214. Edward I of England took the sapphire along with the Stone of Scone in 1296, during his invasion of Scotland. His grandson, King Edward III, later returned the jewel to his brother-in-law David II of Scotland.
Crowns and Coronets of the Coronation of King George VI Top: Imperial State Crown Middle left: Queen Mary’s Crown Middle right: Queen Elizabeth’s Crown Bottom: Princesses Elizabeth & Margaret’s Coronets
Queen Victoria’s Diamond Crown. Ordered by Queen Victoria for her personal use, 1187 diamonds all came from a necklace she owned. She found the Imperial State Crown too heavy & could not be used with her mourning veil, and very much resented the complicated procedures involved when removing the crown from the Tower of London.
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The Imperial State Crown, or Crown of State, is formed from an openwork gold frame, mounted with three very large stones, and set with 2868 diamonds in silver mounts, largely table-, rose- and brilliant-cut, and colored stones in gold mounts, including 17 sapphires, 11 emeralds and 269 pearls. | Royal Collection Trust
Imperial State Crown weighs 91 kilograms. Due to the weight of the crown, it is often worn on and off for a few hours before the State Opening of Parliament, to get the wearer used to the weight. Queen Elizabeth II has been known to eat her breakfast and read the morning papers wearing it.
The Imperial State Crown was made in 1838 for the Coronation of Queen Victoria, and then altered for the Coronation of George VI in 1937 and Elizabeth II in 1953. The Black Prince’s Ruby is set into the central panel of the crown. The ruby looks like a clot of congealed blood. It is one of the most interesting and admired gems in existence. In addition, the Imperial State Crown also contains 4 rubies, 11 emeralds, 17 sapphires, 277 pearls and over 3000 diamonds.