Ida Minerva Tarbell (November 5, 1857 – January 6, 1944) was an American teacher, author and journalist, known as one of the leading "muckrakers" of the progressive era. A pioneer in "investigative journalism". Best known book: The History of the Standard Oil Company, which was listed as No. 5 in a 1999 list by New York University of the top 100 works of 20th-century American journalism. She became the first woman to take on Standard Oil.