Fatima el Fihriya, founder of the first ever university, the University of Qarawiyyin (attended by, amongst others, Maliki jurist Ibn Al-Arabi, the historian Ibn Khaldun, and the astronomer Al-Bitruji (Alpetragius)) and the biggest Mosque in North Africa at the time, Al-Andalus Mosque. Fatima Al-Fihri also founded a library in the University of Qarawiyyin, which is one of the world’s oldest libraries, preserving some of Islam’s most valuable manuscripts.
Ibn Khaldun (1332 – 1406) Arab historiographer and historian who developed one of the earliest nonreligious philosophies of history. Often considered as one of the forerunners of modern historiography, sociology and economics.
14 of the Oldest Mosques in the World | Sacred Footsteps | Zaytuna Mosque, Tunis, Tunisia: 113 AH. " According to historian Ibn Khaldun, the mosque was built in 731AD. The building was also host to one of the earliest universities of Islam, producing a number of scholars, including Ibn Khaldun himself. The columns within the mosque were recycled from the Roman city of Carthage."