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Cranial Nerves I. Olfactory II. Optic III. Oculomotor IV. Trochlear V. Trigeminal VI. Abducens VII. Facial VIII. Vestibulocochlear IX. Glossopharyngeal X. Vagus XI. Accessory XII. Hypoglossal

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hypoglossal nerve lesion is TONGUE TOWARDS!! - but the upper motor fibers in the corticobulbar tract are different, if these have a lesion, the tongue goes away!

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How Might the Inspire Airway Stimulator Improve Your Sleep Apnea?

The tongue licks the wound is a reminder that when the hypoglossal nerve (CNXII) is damaged, the tongue deviates to the same side of a lesion to the cranial nerve. (eg, if the tongue deviates to the right, the right side of CNXII is damaged)

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Pace to breathe — New treatments for sleep apnea

A recent study showed that the use of a pacemaker on the hypoglossal nerve in the neck effectively treated people with moderate to severe sleep apnea.

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