Australopithecus robustus, homo habilis, homo erectus, homo sapiens neanderthalensis, homo sapiens sapiens all walking to show their height and structure, as well as diagrams of their brains above each with the cortex coloured, to show how the brain increased in size.
Humans were able to talk 300,000 years ago, new research has shown. Pre-Neanderthals who lived in northern Spain could utter basic vowel sounds. The findings are based on studies of a complete skull found in the Sima de los Huesos (Pit of Bones) in Atapuerca in 1992 among the remains of over thirty other people. The now famous skull, Atapuerca 5, belongs to a member of the species Homo heidelbergensis, which was the last common ancestor of the Neanderthals and today's humans.
So far we have unearthed fossil evidence from more than 20 different human-like species, known as hominins, who are more closely related to humans than any of the apes alive today. Meet some of our oldest relatives below and discover what insights they can provide about our own evolution.
Homo heidelbergensis lived around 600,000 to 250,000 years ago. They were distinctly human in physique and behaviour and evidence suggests these ancient people were accomplished tool makers and could skillfully butcher large animals.