Field Marshal Erwin Rommel (1891-1944), popularly known to both sides as the Desert Fox (Wüstenfuchs), somewhere in North Africa (ca. 1942). Rommel is regarded as having been a humane and professional officer. His Afrikakorps was never accused of war crimes, and captured Allied soldiers were reported to have been treated humanely. In all theaters of his command, he ignored orders to kill captured commandos, Jewish soldiers, and civilians.