During World War II, the bombing of Tokyo and other cities in Japan caused widespread destruction and hundreds of thousands of deaths. On Monday, August 6, 1945, the nuclear bomb “Little Boy” was dropped on Hiroshima by an American B-29 bomber, the Enola Gay, flown by Colonel Paul Tibbets, killing about 80,000 people. There were six surviving victims of the atomic bombing of Hiroshima, called hibakusha.
Formation of keloidal scars on the back and shoulder of a victim of the Hiroshima blast. The scars have formed where the victim's skin was directly exposed to the heat of the explosion's initial flash. (U.S. National Archives)