This goddess is called 妙音天女 or 辩才天女 in China，and Benzaiten (弁才天, 弁財天) is the Japanese name for the Hindu goddess Saraswati. Benzaiten is the Goddess of everything that flows: Water, Words, Speech, Eloquence, Music and by extension, Knowledge. This photo is from a role in Beijing Opera
KALI is the Hindu mother goddess, symbol of dissolution and destruction. She destroys ignorance, maintains the world order, and blesses and frees those who strive for the knowledge of God. In the Vedas the name is associated with Agni, the god of fire, who had seven flickering tongues of flame, of which Kali was the black, horrible tongue. This meaning of the word has meanwhile been replaced by the goddess Kali, the grim consort of Shiva.
"Dhumavati –her name means "the smoky one"- is also called "the widow". In traditional India, especially in the higher castes, there was no "more inauspicious form of the feminine. In a culture where status for women is given by the husband, widowhood is the worst thing that can happen to a woman." From "Awakening Shakti" by Sally Kempton