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Henry III was a monarch of the House of Valois who was elected the monarch of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth from 1573 to 1575 and ruled as King of France from 1574 until his death. He was the last French monarch of the Valois dynasty.

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Marguerite de Valois, painted by Clouet in 1560. Photo: Musée Condé, Chantilly. Marguerite was the daughter of King Henry II of France and Catherine de' Medici, and the sister of Kings Francis II, Charles IX and Henry III and of Queen Elizabeth of Spain. She became Queen of France and of Navarre during the late sixteenth century.

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King Richard I of England and King Richard IV of Normandy, Duke of Aquitaine, Duke of Gascony, Count of Maine, Count of Nantes and Overlord of Brittany, 1157-1199.Some historians claim that he was nicknamed the Lionheart long before he became king, because at age only 16 he was already head of a huge army and fearless in battle. Other historians claim that Lionheart was a name attributed to him in legend, long after he died. As is the way with so many heroic figures there is a lot of myth…

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Louis XIII le Juste (1601-1643) - Louis succeeded his father Henri IV as king of France and Navarre a few months before his ninth birthday. His mother, Marie de Medicis, acted as regent during his minority. Louis XIII relied heavily on his chief minister Cardinal de Richelieu to govern the kingdom of France. On 24 November 1615, Louis XIII married Anne of Austria, daughter of Philip III of Spain.

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The House of Plantagenet is the name given in England's historical narrative for the 14 Kings that ruled for the 331 years from 1154 until 1485.

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On this day 8th October,1200, Isabella of Angouleme (in Western France) was crowned Queen consort of England as the second wife of King John until his death in 1216. She had give children by the king including his heir, later Henry III. In 1220 she remarried and had a further nine children.

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