Haiti, known as the "jewel of the islands", was the first independent nation of Latin America and the Caribbean, the first black-led republic in the world, and the second republic in the Americas when it gained independence in 1804 as part of a successful slave revolution lasting nearly a decade. Our Heroes Toussaint Louverture and Jean Jacques Dessaline.
Toussaint Louverture (1743 – 1803) Leader of the Haitian independence movement during the French Revolution, who emancipated the slaves and briefly established Haiti as a black-governed French protectorate. by eve
"In 1791 the dissent turned into a rebellion that led to a 13-year struggle for freedom from slavery and finally independence. Vodou was both the inspiration and precipitation of the long fight for Haiti’s independence. 'Kanaval: Vodou, Politics and Revolution on the Streets of Haiti' by Leah Gordon
Toussaint Louverture, Louverture also spelled L’Ouverture, original name (until c. 1793) François Dominique Toussaint (born c. 1743, Bréda, near Cap-Français, Saint-Domingue [Haiti]—died April 7, 1803, Fort-de-Joux, France), leader of the Haitian independence movement during the French Revolution, who emancipated the slaves and briefly established Haiti as a black-governed French protectorate.