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Philippe R. Girard, The Slaves Who Defeated Napoleon: Toussaint Louverture and the Haitian War of Independence, 1801-1804. University Alabam...

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Haiti, known as the "jewel of the islands", was the first independent nation of Latin America and the Caribbean, the first black-led republic in the world, and the second republic in the Americas when it gained independence in 1804 as part of a successful slave revolution lasting nearly a decade. Our Heroes Toussaint Louverture and Jean Jacques Dessaline.

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Toussaint Louverture (1743 – 1803) Leader of the Haitian independence movement during the French Revolution, who emancipated the slaves and briefly established Haiti as a black-governed French protectorate. by eve

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from Telegraph.co.uk

"In 1791 the dissent turned into a rebellion that led to a 13-year struggle for freedom from slavery and finally independence. Vodou was both the inspiration and precipitation of the long fight for Haiti’s independence. 'Kanaval: Vodou, Politics and Revolution on the Streets of Haiti' by Leah Gordon

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Toussaint Louverture, Louverture also spelled L’Ouverture, original name (until c. 1793) François Dominique Toussaint (born c. 1743, Bréda, near Cap-Français, Saint-Domingue [Haiti]—died April 7, 1803, Fort-de-Joux, France), leader of the Haitian independence movement during the French Revolution, who emancipated the slaves and briefly established Haiti as a black-governed French protectorate.

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