Functional Behaviour Assessment (FBA) "People do not engage in self-injury [or] aggression solely because they have developmental disabilities. There is logic to their behaviour, and functional assessment is an attempt to understand that logic" An FBA is not a single thing; it is a term used to describe a number of methods that allow practitioners to identify the reason a behaviour is occurring (Cooper et al.).
How to Conduct a Functional Assessment & Develop Behavior Plans to Reduce Problem Behavior - A Functional Analysis is an assessment by which the controlling environmental variables (functions) of behavior are identified. Once variables or functions are identified they can be manipulated to change behavior . After a Functional Analysis, interventions that are least restrictive, and have the best possibility of accelerating or decelerating a behavior can be implemented.
Remember the Behavior ABCs: Antecedent, Behavior, Consequence. This chart shows the functions or purposes of many classroom behaviors. If you can figure out WHY the child is doing a certain thing, you might be able to eliminate the cause, and the behavior may stop.
Self injurious behaviors are, unfortunately, not unusual for kids with special needs. These behaviors could be anything from biting, hitting or even banging their head on the walls or furniture. Here are some tips to help you sort through why your child is displaying the behavior and how you can help them stop.
Task Analysis is an Evidence Based Practice for Autism. I use task analysis to teach sequential skills to the students in my Special Education classroom. Come read about how I use Task Analysis for teaching all kinds of skill.